A Case Study: in KPHL Unit XXX Wain River-Manggar River of East Kalimantan, KPHL Kulawi of Central Sulawesi, and KPHP Model Kapuas Hulu of West Kalimantan.
Forest is natural resources that should be utilized as much as possible for the prosperity of the people. As mandated in the 1945 Constitution, earth, air, water, and all contained are utilized as much as possible for the people’s prosperity. To fulfil these responsibilities, the State must implement good governance of natural resources management, especially in the forestry sectors.
With the complexity of current forestry problems, the development of Forest Management Unit (FMU) is the significant step towards improving forest governance in Indonesia. One of them is caused by the absence of the State in the management function at the site level. The role of government that is more inclined to the administration and licensing functions cause low control and supervision at the site level. Thus, it is necessary to have an effective institution and administration structure in the forest resources management at site level and open consultation and participation spaces for the public so that the forest resources management can be directed to improve the community welfare and sustainability.
FMU as the management unit in the forest management at site level is a form of State responsiveness to take care of forest as mandated in Act No. 41 of 1999 regarding Forestry. In an attempt to accelerate the FMU development, in 2009 the Ministry of Environment and Forestry has released the Ministry Regulation No. 6 of 2009 regarding the Establishment of Forest Management Unit Areas. Until 2012, there were a decision to determine the KPHP (Production Forest Management Unit) and KPHL (Protection Forest Management Unit) areas in 28 provinces, the FMU Conservation areas in 20 national parks, and the 28 FMU Model areas in 23 provinces. Besides that, it also determined the derivative regulations as the guide in implementing FMU development and operationalization.
The Role of FWI in Forest Management and Monitoring of Forest Management Units
FWI, as a civil society organization, regarding the important role of society to participate in the forest management is necessary to monitor the performance of FMU development. The future face of Indonesian forestry is FMU, and without the active role of the parties, a good concept of FMU cannot be actualized. By using a book of Panduan Penilaian Kinerja Pembangunan FWI 1.0, FWI tries to encourage the FMU institutions that can implement the effective and efficient function of forest management.
The monitoring and assessment results conducted by FWI can become the considerations in revision or implementation of FMU development policies. Specifically, this assessment aims to encourage accountability and synergy in the FMU development, from the planning stage to the development stage, until the operational stage. In its process, the assessment conducted also aims to find the policies gap with the implementation at the site level, also give suggestions and considerations directly to the stakeholders in the FMU development.
Andi Chairil Ichsan
Anggi Putra Prayoga