All natural resources controlled by the State, namely forest, sea, or other aquatic resources, are continually facing degradation with the one commonality in that they are caused by poor government capacity in managing and utilizing these natural resources. The quality and quantity of Indonesia’s forest resources continue to degrade every year. The lack of ability to provide information on forest resources condition has often led to debates. The extent of forest degradation, high deforestation rate or actual conditions of remaining forests, are information that is difficult to obtain.
In the context of forest governance, availability of accurate forestry data and information is a critical factor. Data and information is needed not only by policy makers to make good forest management decisions, but also functions to link community and general public’s interest in implementing control and monitoring. This weakness has led to the inability of the produced forest resources policies to resolve site-level issues.
Weakness of forest governance implementation by the government has indirectly created room for corrupt practices. Corrupt and non-transparent legal, political, and economic systems that views forest resources only as sources of revenues and profits, have greatly contributed to forest degradation in Indonesia. Disparities due to poor government roles and capacity in executing monitoring functions provide incentive to unscrupulous forestry players to destructively exploit forest resources.