A Case Study on East Lombok District
GFI Indonesia has an initiative to assess the condition of forest management in Indonesia. The study focused on Central Kalimantan and West Nusa T enggara (NTB) Provinces. Assessment of forest governance on NTB Province conducted in Lombok Island in two districts, W est Lombok and East Lombok Districts.
Forest areas in Lombok Island are not separated from the Rinjani Mountain area (125.000 hectares), where most of the area-almost the half of itdirectly boundaries with the East Lombok District (60.329, 67 hectares). Overall, both in the Rinjani Mountain National Park and its buffer zone reach the 64.508,67 hectares (31, 21% and 160.555 hectares). Moreover , from 20 sub-districts , 50% of it located and directly interacted with the forest areas, which are Sambelia, Sembalun, Suela, Pringgabaya, W anasaba, Aikmel, Pringgasela, Sikur , Montong Gading and J erowaru. In those 10 districts that inhabited by 544.673 persons (197.516 families), there are 93.464 pre-welfare families (East Lombok in Numbers: 2012). Based on that data, the poverty level in the communities is categorized as high (almost 50%). This situation is contrary to the potential of the natural resources in the area.
Therefore , the strategy for poverty alleviation also supposed to include the improvement towards good forest governance. The forest supposed to contribute to the increasing welfare of the communities in a sustainable way, especially for those who live around the forest. Related to the good governance perspective , this assessment tries to look at the aspects of transparency , participation, accountability , and coordination. This should be a concern by the stakeholders as the actors of forest governance to actualize the vision “Sustainable forest, prosperous people”, from the government, expert/practitioners , academics , the media, and the communities and other related stakeholders.